The American Character Doll Company was founded in New York City in 1919 by Jacob and Max Brock, two Jewish immigrants from Russia, and there partner Ed Schaefer. Throughout the many years of the American Character Doll Company they employed relatives such as Eva Brock (Jacobís wife) as secretary and bookkeeper, Jacobís son Herbert started as a salesmen on the road and then succeeded his father as president in the early 1960ís. Maxís son Harvey was an engineer in the Brooklyn factory along with many other relatives throughout the years.
The American Character Doll Company made dolls from 1919 to 1968. Some of there dolls include: Sally, Tinny Tears, Little Ricky from I Love Lucy, Sweet Sue, Betsy McCall, Toddles, Toni, Whimsies, and Tressy. Their dolls were made composition, rubber, hard plastic and vinyl dolls. All of these dolls were sold in exclusive shops and department stores. The company employed about 1,000 people that worked three production shifts. There was also an additional 100 people on staff that included chemists, engineers and designers.
The American Character Doll Company reached its peek in the 1950s and early 1960s. They had sold millions of dolls exclusively to retailers and mail order houses such as Sears and Montgomery Wards.
The End of the American Character doll company was painful for all including founder Jacob Brock and his wife Eva who was the office administrator until the end. In March 1967 a 40% settlement offer payable over five years was agreed to by there creditors. Unsecured claims were said to be approximately $1.4 million. In June 1967 American Characterís creditors had accepted a reduced settlement of 15% down from 40% and the company continued to operate on a limited scale.
The American Character Doll Company went out of business in 1968. Several molds were sold to various companies including Mattel and Ideal. Rights to several doll names such as Tiny Tears and Tressy were also sold to Ideal Doll Company.
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